14th of November, World Diabetes Day.
1 out of 2 people remain undiagnosed in the world.
‘Eyes on diabetes’, the theme chosen by the International Diabetes Federation for 2016.
Diabetes, the silent disease, which associated with obesity has become a first world pandemic.
Diabetes is considered a silent disease, since in most cases patients do not present symptoms, hence the importance of having periodic preventive medical checkups.
Although the disease itself has no cure, it is controllable, thus allowing a better quality of life.
It is currently the leading cause of cardiovascular disease, blindness, kidney failure, and lower-extremity amputations. Many complications can be detected in the early stages, allowing treatment on time. Preventing or controlling such complications is easier by keeping blood glucose levels down.
On the occasion of World Diabetes Day on the 14th of November, Víctor Gómez Carrillo, Internal Medicine specialist at Hospital Ochoa, reminds us that this disease is one that affects the most organs. A correct diagnosis and treatment can prevent future diseases in a large percentage of cases.
In addition, the earlier it is diagnosed, the better treatment can be arranged, thus improving the quality of life of people with diabetes. Hence, experts and the International Diabetes Federation have put special emphasis this year on the detection of type 2 as it does not show any symptoms.
At this point, it is necessary to distinguish two types of diabetes, type 1 and 2. The first one usually appears at an early age. Patients are insulin dependent. The second type is more related to adulthood and wear of the pancreatic reserve.
Type 2 diabetes is associated mainly with bad habits of the first world combined with the global pandemic of obesity, creating one of the most dangerous tandems.
- Increased thirst sensation.
- Weight loss.
- Increased urination.
- Increased appetite in an exaggerated way.
- Blurry vision.
- Increased susceptibility to infections.
- Have good eating habits, with a varied and balanced diet.
- Practice gentle exercise on a daily basis.
- Periodically check your blood sugar levels.
- Follow a specific pharmacological treatment, under prescription and be monitored by a medical specialist.
Data from the International Diabetes Federation:
- Over 415 million adults have diabetes in the world nowadays. By 2040 it will increase to 642 million.
- One out of two people are undiagnosed and is unaware of their condition. Most cases are of diabetes type 2.
- The proportion of people affected with type 2 diabetes increases in most countries.
- The age where there are more cases is between 40 and 59 years.
- Over 542,000 children live with type 1 diabetes.
- In 2015 the disease caused 5 million deaths.
- Every six seconds, a person dies of diabetes.